" BERNARD PALISSY ", Médaille artistique, en Cuivre, 81mm 260g env, en excellent état selon scans, des coups sur la tranche, superbe patine, poinçon corne (Monnaie de Paris), Rare édition du CFM (Club Français de la Médaille), tirage limité à 250 exemplaires , enrichit d'émaux, numérotée 112/250 sur la tranche, marque "CUIVRE" + 1988, signée M. Bernard Palissy, né à Lacapelle-Biron en 1510 et mort à Paris en 1589 ou 1590, est tour à tour, potier, émailleur, peintre, verrier, écrivain et savant français. Il appartient à l'École française de la Renaissance. Portrait de face du potier-émailleur, écrivain et savant français qui fut un des créateurs de la céramique en France.
Le champ enrichi d'émail rappelle les célèbres plats qu'il créa. Une évocation de l'atelier de l'artiste, entouré d'un mali portant la légende : INVENTEUR DES RUSTIQUES FIGURINES DU ROI. A PROPOS DE L'ARTISTE. Fils de maître, il fait son apprentissage de graveur chez son père.Suit les cours du soir de Wlérick et Arnold de 1928 à 1932. Études à École des Arts appliqués. Il succède à son père, puis entre à la Monnaie après la seconde guerre mondiale comme graveur. And craftsman, famous for having struggled for 16 years to imitate Chinese porcelain. The date and place of Palissy's birth are not know for certain but are believed to be about 1510, either at Saintes. It has been stated, on insufficient authority, that his father was a glass-painter and that he served as his father's apprentice. In his memoirs, Palissy tells us that he was apprenticed to a glass-painter and that he also acquired in his youth the elements of land-surveying.
At the end of his apprenticeship and following the custom of the day, he became a traveling workman; acquiring fresh knowledge in many parts of France and the Low Countries. Perhaps even in the Rhine. Other than what he tells us in his autobiography, namely that he practiced the arts of a portrait-painter, glass-painter and land-surveyor, we have little record of how he lived during the first years of his married life. It is known that he was commissioned to survey and prepare a plan of the salt marshes in the neighborhood of Saintes when the council of Francis I. It is not quite clear, from his own account, whether it was during his Wanderjahr.Or after he settled at Saintes that he was shown a white enamelled cup which caused him such surprise that he determined to spend his life - to use his own expressive phrase, like a man who gropes in the dark - in order to discover the secrets of its manufacture. Most writers have supposed that this piece of fine white pottery was a piece of the enamelled majolica.
Of Italy, but such a theory will hardly bear examination. In Palissy's time pottery covered with beautiful white tin-enamel. Was manufactured at many centres in Italy, Spain, Germany and the South of France, and it is inconceivable that a man as travelled and as acute as Palissy should not have been well acquainted with its appearance and properties.
What is much more likely is that Palissy saw, among the treasures of some nobleman, a specimen of Chinese porcelain, then one of the wonders of the European world, and, knowing nothing of its nature, substance or manufacture, he set himself to work to discover the secrets for himself. At the neighboring village of La Chapelle-des-Pots. He mastered the rudiments of peasant pottery as it was practised in the 16th century. Other equipment he had none, except such indefinite information as he presumably had acquired during his travels of the manufacture of European tin-enamelled pottery.
For nearly sixteen years Palissy labored on in these wild endeavours, through a succession of utter failures, working with the utmost diligency and constancy but, for the most part, without a gleam of hope. The story verged on the tragic. At times he and his family were reduced to the bitterest poverty; he burned his furniture and even, it is said, the floor boards of his house to feed the fires of his furnaces.Meanwhile, he endured the reproaches of his wife, who, with her little family clamouring for food, evidently regarded her husband's endeavors as little short of insanity. All these struggles and failures are most faithfully recorded by Palissy himself in one of the simplest and most interesting pieces of autobiography ever written. Palissy not only failed to discover the secret of Chinese porcelain, but when he did succeed in making the special type of pottery that will always be associated with his name, it was inferior in artistic merit to the contemporary productions of Spain and Italy. His first successes can only have been a superior kind of peasant pottery decorated with modelled or applied reliefs colored naturalistically with glazes and enamels.
Rusticware featuring casts of sea life (1550). These works had already attracted attention locally when, in 1548, the constable de Montmorency was sent into the Saintonge to suppress the revolution there. Montmorency protected the potter and found him employment in decorating with his glazed terra-cottas.
The patronage of such an influential noble soon brought Palissy into fame at the French court, and although he was an avowed Protestant, he was protected by these nobles from the ordinances of the parliament of Bordeaux when, in 1562, the property of all the Protestants in this district was seized. Palissy's workshops and kilns were destroyed, but he himself was saved, and, by the interposition of the all-powerful constable, he was appointed inventor of rustic pottery to the king and the queen-mother. Around 1563, under royal protection, he was allowed to establish a fresh pottery works in Paris in the vicinity of the royal palace of the Louvre. The site of his kilns indeed became afterwards a portion of the gardens of the Tuileries.For about twenty-five years from this date Palissy lived and worked in Paris. He appears to have been a personal favorite of Catherine de'Medici.
S, and of her sons', in spite of his profession of the reformed religion. Working for the court, his productions passed through many phases, for besides continuing his rustic figurines he made a large number of dishes and plaques ornamented with scriptural or mythological subjects in relief, and in many cases he appears to have made reproductions of the pewter. And other metal workers of the period.His ideas of springs and underground waters were far in advance of the general knowledge of his time, and he was one of the first Europeans to enunciate the correct theory of the origin of fossils. The close of Palissy's life was quite in keeping with his active and stormy youth.
And some other notable men of his time, he was protected against ecclesiastical persecution by the court and some of the great nobles, but the fanatical outburst of 1588 led to his being thrown into the Bastille. Offered him his freedom if he would recant, Palissy refused to save his life on any such terms. Condemned to death when nearly eighty years of age, he died in a Bastille dungeon in 1589.
Thèmes : Médaille artistique, artiste, dart, collection, France, art medals. QUI SOMMES NOUS Professionnels depuis 70 ans, le premier ayant commencé le commerce de médailles était, Maître Albert de Jaeger, lartiste, sculpteur, médailleur, orfèvre, Premier Grand Prix de Rome. De gravure en médaille en 1935. L'outil de mise en vente gratuit.
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